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Hydrophilic Fluorescent Nanoprodrug of Paclitaxel for Glioblastoma Chemotherapy

Abstract : Highly water-soluble, nontoxic organic nano-particles on which paclitaxel (PTX), a hydrophobic anticancer drug, has been covalently bound via an ester linkage (4.5% of total weight) have been prepared for the treatment of glioblastoma. These soft fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONPs), obtained from citric acid and diethylenetriamine by microwave-assisted condensation, show suitable size (Ø = 17− 30 nm), remarkable solubility in water, softness as well as strong blue fluorescence in an aqueous environment that are fully retained in cell culture medium. Moreover, these FONPs were demonstrated to show in vitro safety and preferential internalization in glioblastoma cells through caveolin/lipid raft-mediated endocytosis. The PTX-conjugated FONPs retain excellent solubility in water and remain stable in water (no leaching), while they showed anticancer activity against glioblastoma cells in two-dimensional and three-dimensional culture. PTX-specific effects on microtubules reveal that PTX is intracellularly released from the nanocarriers in its active form, in relation with an intracellular-promoted lysis of the ester linkage. As such, these hydrophilic prodrug formulations hold major promise as biocompatible nanotools for drug delivery.
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Noé Dumas, Jonathan Daniel, Maeva Montaleytang, Sounderya Nagarajan, Sébastien Picard, et al.. Hydrophilic Fluorescent Nanoprodrug of Paclitaxel for Glioblastoma Chemotherapy. ACS Omega, ACS Publications, 2019, 4 (19), pp.18342-18354. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.9b02588⟩. ⟨hal-02416882⟩

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